The ubiquitous world in which we live is characterized by a high mobility of individuals, most of them wearing devices capable of geo-localization (smartphones or GPS-equipped cars). However, most of the current transportation systems have not yet really used the facilities offered by these geo-located devices to improve the mobility of their users or to propose new transportation means.
Situated in this mobiquitous context, the AMORES project is built around three use-cases related to mobility :
- Dynamic carpooling : this service dynamically matches together car drivers with passengers from sub urban to urban journeys or intra-urban journeys. The dynamic carpooling service needs to implement algorithms for dynamic vehicle routing problems, where multiple vehicles could be candidate to pick up passengers which are themselves potentially moving on a network.
- Multi-modal itineraries in real-time : this service computes in real-time the optimal multimodal (bus, subway, train but also bicycle, walking or carpooling) itinerary by taking into account the up-to-date spatial and temporal information of the various entities. If multimodal shortest path algorithms are now well studied in static environment, they remain challenging in a dynamic network.
- Mobile social networking : all mobile users using the public transportation system form a mobile social network at the scale of a city. In the AMORES project, we envision to use explicitly the mobile social network in order to implement services such as, for example, discovering if a friend is located in my vicinity (e.g. in the same train) or is currently moving towards the area where I’m staying and could potentially pick me up on his way.
In AMORES, we want to provide technological enablers for the provision of mobility-based services, such as those described in the previous section. Indeed, as computation and communication are becoming ubiquitous with the daily use of mobile devices by individuals, we believe that they can be leveraged to solve some crucial societal and ecological problems. At the same time, we are also convinced that the blind use and deployment of technology can potentially lead to disasters if not done with care, and in particular with keeping privacy issues in mind. In particular, (location) privacy is both a fundamental right of every individual, and of paramount importance if we want individuals to trust and use technology in their daily travels. Thus, our motivation is based on both our sense of citizenship (societal) and our scientific responsibility that makes us think that the provision of privacy- preserving geo-communication middleware is a very exciting and worthwhile research challenge.
In a nutshell, the AMORES project has two main high-level objectives:
- Leveraging the existence of ubiquitous computing, communication
and positioning via small and mobile devices, such as smartphones, in
order to provide high-level mobility services targeted at increasing the
use of public transportation and henceforth reducing CO2 emissions;
- Providing a privacy-conscious, geo-aware middleware for the
provision of cooperative services in the mobiquitous era of computing
that is now beginning.
These two objectives, one coming from the application domain and
supported by the presence of both Tisséo and MobiGIS in the consortium,
and the other one coming from the research community- with three
academic partners-, meet, blend and match perfectly within the AMORES
architecture. Indeed, the provision of the middleware will enable to
implement private, resilient, trustable and usable versions of the
use-cases. The study and implementation of the use-cases will drive and
validate the middleware design and development.
Within the course of the project, the main outcomes of AMORES will be:
- Substantial advancements of the state-of-the-art on mobiquitous middleware, such as geo-communication, geo-privacy, cooperation and trust incentives, anonymous routing and geo-cryptography.
- A geo-aware and privacy-preserving middleware targeted at small mobile devices (that will be released as an open-source project under a CeCILL license).
- A proof-of-concept prototype, using this middleware, of a mobile social network and a multimodal itinerary finding.
- An integrated prototype of the dynamic carpooling use-case.
- The scientific results will be published in leading conferences and journals. Moreover, workshops will be organized to ensure a proper dissemination of the results of the project.